Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

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Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Jan 09, 2013 3:10 pm

CORAL Magazine hadde nylig en oppsummering av hvor langt vi har kommet med oppdrett av saltvannsfisk. Det går raskt fremover og lista med arter som man har lykkes med begynner å bli betydelig. Samtidig er det store utfordringer og få arter er tilgjengelig kommersielt, spesielt her i Norge. Les artikkelen og se lista her:

http://www.reef2rainforest.com/2013/01/03/coral-magazines-captive-bred-marine-fish-species-list-for-2013/


Last edited by Trond Erik on Wed Feb 27, 2013 9:15 am; edited 1 time in total
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Jan 09, 2013 3:12 pm

Og her er Reef Builders artikkel om det samme: http://reefbuilders.com/2013/01/07/2012-marine-breeders-year-review/

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Mon Feb 18, 2013 7:36 pm

Og da kan vi legge Apogon margaritophorus til lista over oppdrettsfisker som nå er kommersielt tilgjengelige :
http://reefbuilders.com/2013/02/18/checkered-cardinalfish-apogon-margaritophorus-joins-long-growing-list-captive-bred-fish/
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by CP on Tue Feb 19, 2013 9:06 am

Dette var jo forsåvdt gode nyheter; kan jo fylle opp et ganske bra kar med disse artene

Men vi får håpe noe knekker koden ift. wrasser og kirurger da...

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Feb 20, 2013 8:07 pm

Og nå har ORA lansert oppdrettete Apogonichthyoides melas, en nær slektning til den svart-og-hvite vanlige Banggaikardinalen (Pterapogon kauderni), men som er mer eller mindre helt svart.

Ikke akkurat den mest spennende fisken, spør du meg, men alle fremskritt innen oppdrett ønskes velkommen.
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Feb 27, 2013 8:57 am

Og nå har man lykkes med gobyen Cryptocentroides gobioides også. Eller rettere sagt, Amy Drehmel lyktes allerede i 2011, men har ikke gått ut med denne informasjonen før, og i mellomtiden har Rising Tide gjennomført oppdrett ved hjelp av Amys F1 generasjon. Ikke bare dét, de har også gått ut med full protokoll for hvordan de har gjennomført oppdrettet slik at andre får fullt innsyn i de triks de benyttet. Allerede har kommersielle aktører benyttet seg av informasjon fra Rising Tide for å drette opp C. gobioides og vi kan forvente de til salgs i USA i løpet av kort tid. Ikke verst, fra de første amatørforsøk hos Amy Drehmel i 2011 til kommersiell produksjon og lansering bare 3 år senere .

http://illiweb.com/fa/pbucket.gif

Mer info og full informasjon om hvordan oppdrettingen ble gjort kan finnes her: http://risingtideconservation.blogspot.no/2013/02/rearing-crested-oyster-goby.html

Matt Wittenreich, som har copyright på bildet og som er del av teamet bak Rising Tide, er for øvrig personen som startet MOFIB også.
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Thomas Engels on Wed Feb 27, 2013 12:16 pm

Ifølge protokollen er dette jo en art , som drettes omtrendt på samme måten og like enkelt som A.ocellaris , og tipsene og triksene der kan man allerede lese om i Wittenrich's bok "breeders guide"
Bortsett fra frigytende fisk som kirurger og keisere ,synes problemet med oppdrett av mange arter ikke å være at det er så fryktelig vanskelig , men heller at ingen at har prøvd det eller finner det lønnsomt.
Jeg er overbevist om at også oppdrett av de virkelig "harde" artene hadde vært satt i system allerede idag , om det hadde vært penger å hente i dette ...
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Feb 27, 2013 12:25 pm

@Thomas Engels wrote:Ifølge protokollen er dette jo en art , som drettes omtrendt på samme måten og like enkelt som A.ocellaris , og tipsene og triksene der kan man allerede lese om i Wittenrich's bok "breeders guide"
Bortsett fra frigytende fisk som kirurger og keisere ,synes problemet med oppdrett av mange arter ikke å være at det er så fryktelig vanskelig , men heller at ingen at har prøvd det eller finner det lønnsomt.
Jeg er overbevist om at også oppdrett av de virkelig "harde" artene hadde vært satt i system allerede idag , om det hadde vært penger å hente i dette ...

Og det er der problemet ligger, viltfanget fisk er for billig. Det er ikke noe økonomisk incentiv å drive med oppdrett.
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Sat Mar 30, 2013 7:19 am

Jim Welsh, en privat akvarist, har lykkes med oppdrett av Dunckerocampus baldwini, en pipefisk som er endemisk til Hawaii. Les mer om suksessen her på MBI: http://www.mbisite.org/Forums/tm.aspx?&m=77297&mpage=1
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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Apr 10, 2013 6:22 pm

Dere har kanskje lagt merke til at saltvann.no har en Clarion-keiser (Holacanthus clarionensis) til salgs for tiden til småpene 40 000,-: http://www.saltvann.no/produkter/holacanthus-clarionensis-small-detail

Nå har Bali Aquarich, en av de fremste kommersielle oppdrettere i verden, lykkes med oppdrett av denne arten. Det er ikke kjent hvor mange de har lykkes med, men de har begynt å sende ut bilder som viser små Clarion-keisere (eller rettere sagt, de har begynt å sende ut bilder av ikke mer enn ett individ av gangen) i forskjellige stadier av utvikling. Gode greier!

http://illiweb.com/fa/pbucket.gif

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Mon Oct 07, 2013 9:13 pm

Frank Baensch er første perosn som har lykkes med å ale opp dyphavs-anthiasen Odontanthias fuscipinnis fra egg samlet inn fra naturen.

http://illiweb.com/fa/pbucket.gif




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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Thu Jan 02, 2014 7:15 pm

Matt Pedersen fra Marine Breeder har skrevet en veldig interessant oppsummering om 2013: http://tinyurl.com/pvnpbr6

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Jan 08, 2014 9:57 pm

@Trond Erik wrote:Matt Pedersen fra Marine Breeder har skrevet en veldig interessant oppsummering om 2013: http://tinyurl.com/pvnpbr6

Og del 2 av oppsummeringen: http://reefbuilders.com/2014/01/08/2013-marine-breeders-year-review-part-2/

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Wed Feb 26, 2014 6:17 pm

Et veldig interessant intervju med oppdretter Chat Vossen fra AquaNerd:

AquaNerd wrote:Captive breeding is by no means anything new in this hobby, but for some reason it is not as popular as we would like to see it be. By purchasing captive bred fish, you allow the hobby to sustain itself. Just like aquacultured coral, captive bred fish reduced the amount of stress our hobby places on wild fish. Not only that, but captive bred fish also are more adapted to aquarium life and usually come with fewer diseases and parasites that some wild caught fish are infected with. Captive breeding also open up the world of “morphs”, which we mainly see in various clownfish species. Breeders pick certain strains of fish either for their color or patterns and continue to breed fish with such traits giving them only the best looking, best colored specimens.

While taking care of our reefs becomes a daunting task (water changing, cleaning out skimmer, changing out filter socks, replacing media, servicing our return pumps, dosing, cleaning the glass, etc), the day of a breeder can be far more complicated. Sure they do the same tasks we do as far as regular maintenance, but there are a few other things that need to be taken care off. Checking on spawning fish, feeding larva/fry, separating parents from eggs/fry, culturing live foods to prevent them from dying off, and the list goes on.

We recently wrote an article where we viewed Scott Fellmans’ thoughts and frustration as to why people do not support captive breeding (you can view the article here). To get a good point of view on the situation and to just bring some general information about breeding to our fans, we decided to talk to Chad Vossen from Vossen Aquatics. Chad has been breeding fish and other forms of sea life for many years and has tons of experience in the field. So, it was a no brainer to reach out to him.
AquaNerd: How long have you been breeding fish?
Chad:  “I raised my first batch of peppermint shrimp in 2008. I succeeded in raising 5 and have been hooked ever since.”
AquaNerd: What all have you successfully bred?
Chad: “The list of successfully bred is very long, but I have raised Peppermint shrimp, banggai, neon gobies, several species of clownfish, and berghia nudibranch.”
AquaNerd: Run us through one of your days?
Chad: “I wake up at 11 am and grab some frozen food. I get myself ready for the day, then feed my fish and answer messages, text, and emails. I check all the tanks to make sure things are running smoothly while feeding, and do water changes and general maintenance when necessary. I usually spend most of my day working on larval trap orders or other acrylic projects. I spend a lot of my time on Facebook or reef forums. Typically looking for good deals or working on sales. If the weather is good I will ship any pending orders. If I have something hatching, I will prepare the larval tanks and move the eggs over. I like to stay up late and work on small projects while watching TV. Some days I spend driving to the wholesaler and making copepod deliveries, or I’ll take the day off and see the family or some friends.”
AquaNerd: What has been your favorite breeding project and why?
Chad: “My favorite breeding project is currently the orange spot filefish. I have eggs hatching almost nightly but with plans to move in a month, I won’t have time to raise the filefish till after my move. I am also excited for the opportunity to attempt raising the hypomelanistic flame angelfish, which has started spawning with the normal female flame angel.”
AquaNerd: What has been one of your biggest obstacles while breeding?
Chad: “The available space. I have been working out of my own room that I rent for a few years now. I really hope to afford a commercial space or store in the near future.”
AquaNerd: How many gallons of water do you deal with?
Chad: “I’m working with about 400 gallons.”
AquaNerd: Tell us about your filtration?
Chad: “Each tank in my broodstock system has live sand and a few rocks, but there is not much more than the return pump and a few bio balls. My grow out and quarantine system have good skimmers.”
AquaNerd: Do you culture your own foods?
Chad: “I culture copepods and rotifers. The pods are great for when I get a surprise batch of seahorses from a local with a seahorse reef.”
AquaNerd: Why do you think it is important we support captive bred fish in this hobby?
Chad: “While I think it’s important we continue getting livestock from the wild to support the local economies, it’s important that we expand our knowledge and experience in captive breeding. Breeders can reduce the often intense collecting pressure of certain species, as well as preserve endangered species in captivity. I believe in conservation through commercialization.”
AquaNerd: In you opinion why do so many people not support or purchase captive bred fish?
Chad: “The price. The intention is there, but nobody wants to spend more if they can get it somewhere else for less, regardless of how much effort it takes.”
AquaNerd: Any tips for hobbyist attempting to breed at home?
Chad: “Raise something for the fun of it, don’t crash the local market with cheap fish, and don’t expect to make money doing it. If it’s something you truly love doing, the money will eventually follow.”
Breeding fish is not an easy task to take up, nor is it any cheaper than maintaining a reef. While breeding can help sustain the hobby, there are many things to think about before taking a plunge into it. Remember that supporting captive bred fish is just as beneficial to the hobby as it is our aquariums. Our systems already add up to quite a pretty penny so why not spend the extra money on a healthy captive bred fish?

Kilde: http://blog.aquanerd.com/2014/02/captive-breeding-chat-with-chad-vossen.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+aquanerd%2FWdua+%28AquaNerd+RSS+Feed%29

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Sat Mar 15, 2014 10:28 am

Som jeg for ikke lenge siden postet i om tråden om hirsesommerfugl, så har det blitt gjort store fremskritt i oppdrett av denne arten og dermed også for sommerfuglfisker generelt. Reef Builders har en dyptgående artikkel om status for oppdrett av sommerfuglfisker og konkluderer med at vi sannsynligvis får den første oppdrettet sommerfuglfisken innen utgangen av året:

Matt Pedersen wrote:It has been a long time coming, but just as we see aquaculturists banging hard on the door, demanding to be let in on the secrets of captive-bred Tangs, so too we see the captive-breeding barrier being approached from every angle by breeders working with Chaetodontids. While researchers are making great strides with Surgeonfish, truth be told, we are even closer to the first captive bred Butterflyfish. I’m about to tell you exactly how close, and why.

The first captive spawning of Butterflyfish


Butterflyfish breeding perhaps goes back as early as 1980, when K. Suzuki documented the first captive spawning and rearing attempts of Chaetodon nippon in Japan. These spawnings occured in a large community aquarium, approximately 4 feet in depth, with courtship and spawning occurring during the dusk phase (typical timing for many reef fishes). According to Dr. Ronald E. Thresher’s book, Reproduction in Reef Fishes, Suzuki et al. attempted to rear the larvae of C. nippon with rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis), larval oysters (Crassostrea gigas), and larval sea urchins (Temnopleurus reevesi).

Groundbreaking Butterflyfish Breeding Research at Rising Tide / University of Florida’s Tropical Aquaculture Laboratory

Flash-forward almost 32 years (yes, longer than some of our readers have been alive) and we arrive at the groundbreaking work of Dr. Matthew L. Wittenrich, Eric Cassiano, and the rest of the Rising Tide Team at the University of Florida’s Tropical Aquaculture Lab. It was November, 2011, when Wittenrich published the jaw dropping Rising Tide update, “Schooling Bannerfish…So Close!”. Just how close? Well, they made it to 41 days post hatch with captive-spawned Heniochus diphreutes. This accomplishment is even more shocking, considering that the eggs they used were spawned miles to the north at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Ohio!

Nothing else came out of Rising Tide regarding Butterflyfish until February 2013, when Jon-Michael Degidio (JMD) came on board to start work on Rising Tide’s Milletseed Butterflyfish (Chaetodon milliaris) breeding project. In summer, 2013, JMD was waist deep investigating Butterflyfish broodstock and conditioning, publishing an update on his progress with the Milletseed butterflyfish. Meanwhile, come October 2013, Dr. Wittenrich unofficially left the Butterflyfish breeding research behind when he moved back to Florida’s east coast, departing from U of F’s TAL.

Which brings us to 2014. On March 3rd, JMD published a weighty update on TAL’s progress with C. milliaris; Milletseed Butterflyfish Update: Good News / Bad News. The short of it – just over a year after this project has started, JMD is now documenting twice-a-week spawns from his broodstock, and has reared C. milliaris to 44 days post hatch. These rearing runs have been accomplished with copepods as the food source for larvae, and several rearing bottlenecks have been identified.

To recap – the efforts of the Rising Tide Team at University of Florida’s Tropical Aquaculture Laboratory have now seen larval butterflyfish, reared from eggs spawned in captivity, into the 40+ day range. In both cases, the sentiments are the same…we’re close, it’s only a matter of time….

The Hawaii Larval Fish Project – Frank Baensch’s Rearing Research and a Game Changer

I’ve had to sit on this one for a little while as the story was being prepared for CORAL Magazine and “oh my God” would not overstate the poker hand that Frank Baensch just threw down on the table. In the March/April 2014 Issue of CORAL, we included a revoluntionary article by Baensch simply titled, “The Hawaii Larval Fish Project” (HLFP). To vastly oversimplify for the sake of brevity, Baensch has moved on from his captive-breeding Angelfish days to take a different approach to marine aquaculture research. With the HLFP, Baensch has eliminated what he sees as a resource waster and time suck…he’s not keeping any broodstock. Instead, all of Baensch’s research is now being conducted with wild-harvested fish eggs.

This came to me as a bit of a shock at first. I remembered when news broke of Wen-Ping Su’s Bali Aquarich captive-bred Pinnatus Batfish and I asked him, point blank, if these were actually “tank raised”…if he had gone out into the ocean to collect the eggs as had been speculated by some. The response made a lot of sense at the time, and I could sum it up as “how the heck would I go out to the wild and find the eggs of this specific species of fish…what are the odds?!”. Yes, needle in a haystack is an understatement.

That said, Baensch didn’t see wild-collection of eggs as an impossibility, and instead, he spent substantial amounts of time and effort to develop his protocols…the “how” and “where” and “when” of finding freshly-spawned reef fish gametes in the ocean. To be fair, Baensch isn’t going so granular as to be able to say “I’m collecting only the eggs of species X”; generally speaking he’s getting a mix. This technique has already produced some stunning results, perhaps the most noteworthy you’ve read about here was the surprise rearing of the Yellowfin Anthias, Odontanthias fuscipinnis.

There is only one small technicality that I have to bring up. In every respect, Baensch is blowing the doors of the competition and rearing all sorts of easy and difficult and new species. The unfortunate side note is this – being wild-collected eggs, these juvenile fish fail to meet the official definition of “captive-bred”; they are “tank-raised” taken to the ultimate extreme. So for all of Baensch’s hard work and laudable breakthroughs, we don’t get to add new species to our captive-bred lists. It’s a technicality I wish we could simply disregard sometimes, particularly since we presume that if Frank were to be presented with the captive-spawned eggs of O. fuscipinnis, he’d probably be able to rear the species again using the same techniques he did before.

From Wild Egg to Juvenile Butterflyfish

And finally I get to break out the part of the story that “blows it all up” for me; Baensch has succeeded in rearing the Schooling Bannerfish, Heniochus diphreutes, from wild collected egg to a post-settlement juvenile; by my calculations it is probably 190+ days old now. I’ve convinced everyone to let me post an excerpt of this Butterflyfish larval rearing story from Baensch’s article in CORAL Magazine, just so I could share this monumental achievement with as wide an audience as possible. Baensch has succeeded in doing something no one else has ever done before – he has reared a Butterflyfish from egg to marketable juvenile fish in captivity.

Shoot, there’s that technicality I was mentioning; this is a tank-raised Schooling Bannerfish. What Baensch didn’t have to do was the work of collecting broodstock, conditioning them, and getting them to spawn. As Baensch relays it in his article, part of the reasoning behind using wild-spawned eggs stems from a belief that they represent the absolute pinnacle of quality and fitness; you eliminate the possibility that the eggs you get from captive-spawnings are somehow weak or inferior. It makes perfect sense to attack the rearing research in this way – eliminate one big source of potential setbacks.

They’ve Run the Race from Both Ends

So here’s how Chaetodontid captive-breeding and larviculture shapes up. On the one hand we have Rising Tide, running the race from the traditional starting point using captive-spawned eggs. Not only have they gotten to 44 days with Chaetodon milliaris, but 41 days with none other than the Schooling Bannerfish, Heniochus diphreutes.

Then, coming from the other direction, you have Frank Baensch and the Hawaii Larval Fish Project completing the race with the very same species, the Schooling Bannerfish, H. diphreutes. If you ignore a linear, chronological progression, it’s fair to say that Baensch started and the other end of of the race and worked backwards. He’s covered 95% of the same race course that Rising Tide has. While the team at Rising Tide knows what the starting line looks like, and all the prep that goes into running this race, they have yet to successfully cross the finish line. Meanwhile, Baensch has crossed the finish line and knows how to get there…he just never bothered to start the race at the absolute beginning!

Heniochus diphretues, as a species, has seen every part of it’s live cycle created and/or maintained in captivity, just not all by the same person.

Can’t say that about Tangs!

So How Do We Get a Captive-Bred Butterflyfish Before The End of 2014?

The answer is incredibly simple; Baensch and the team at Rising Tide need to collaborate (and I want to be a fly on the wall). There is a MASSIVE overlap between their independent successes. From an outsider viewpoint, every component that makes an officially “captive-bred” marine Butterflyfish has been accomplished. They’ve been successfully spawned in captivity, they’ve produce viable gametes in captivity as well. They’ve been reared extensively, but not completely, from those gametes. Meanwhile they’ve also been reared all the way through to settlement and beyond from the wild-collected egg, in captivity.

All that is left here is for one person to actually run the race from start to finish. Each party overlaps by my rhetorical 95%, it’s just neither has done 100% yet. It is simply a matter of time, and I am confident that we’ll see this race done before the year is up. Dare I say before even July?! Dare I say the first captive-bred Butterflyfish species winds up being Chaetodon milliaris?

Les artikkelen med bilder her: http://reefbuilders.com/2014/03/14/reef-builders-prediction-captive-bred-butterflyfish-2014/#ixzz2w1Pp6Qn7

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Re: Status for oppdrett av tropisk saltvannsfisk til akvarier

Post by Trond Erik on Sat Mar 15, 2014 10:36 am

Dette bildet fra Matt Pedersen er nydelig.

http://illiweb.com/fa/pbucket.gif

Det viser øverst hvor langt man har med yngel fra oppdrett av egg fra Heniochus diphreutes individer i fangenskap, og underst hvor langt man har kommet med oppdrett av ville egg. Som det går frem av figuren burde det være mulig å kombinere erfaringene fra disse to prosjektene og lykkes å gå hele veien med oppdrett av denne arten.

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